Musical (1924)

Musique: Herbert Stothart • Rudolf Friml
Paroles: Oscar Hammerstein II • Otto Harbech
Livret: Oscar Hammerstein II • Otto Harbech
Production à la création:

Act I
In Fond-du-Lac, Saskatchewan, Canada, trappers, hunters and travellers gather at "Lady" Jane's hotel ("Vive la Canadienne"). Royal Canadian Mounted Police Sergeant Malone is flirting with Lady Jane, while wealthy city man Edward Hawley is watching a French Canadian girl, Rose-Marie La Flamme, even though she's miner Jim Kenyon's sweetheart. Rose-Marie's brother, Emile, is searching for her, fearing she is alone with Jim. Wanda, a half-blooded Indian, dances close to Hawley, enraging her Indian lover, Black Eagle. Lady Jane's man, the cowardly "Hard-Boiled Herman", arrives at the bar. Jim arrives to greet Rose-Marie enthusiastically and explains to Sergeant Malone that he has given up his former wild ways because of his love for "Rose-Marie". Black Eagle claims some land (and the gold on it) belonging to Jim and Herman. Herman thinks that shooting Black Eagle will solve everything, but Jim prefers to use legal means, declaring that he will visit Black Eagle and show him the boundary line the property map. Sergent Malone and "The Mounties" warn Herman that they will not hesitate to enforce the laws.

Emile is going to take Rose-Marie with him to the trapping grounds at Kootenay Pass. He dislikes Jim and wants her to marry Hawley for financial security. Rose-Marie doesn't want to go, insisting to her brother that she is in love with Jim ("Lak Jeem"). Hawley plans to accompany Emile, but first he has to end his affair with Wanda. He plans to visit her at Black Eagle's log cabin and bribe her to stay away from him. Jim tells Rose-Marie that he will follow her to Kootenay Pass, and they will meet in an old house he calls a castle near a valley with a beautiful echo. According to legend, Indians would call down into the valley to the girls they wished to marry ("Indian Love Call").

Hawley meets Wanda at her cabin and tries to pay her off, just as Jim arrives with a map to prove his claim. Wanda sends Jim away. Black Eagle returns home and catches Wanda and Hawley embracing. He attacks Hawley, and Wanda stabs Black Eagle to save Hawley. Jim and Herman, unaware of the murder, follow Emile, Hawley, and Rose-Marie to Kootenay Pass. Jim and Rose-Marie communicate through their "Indian Love Call" (reprise). Emile tells Rose-Marie that she should marry Hawley because he could buy her all the "Pretty Things" she wants. Wanda arrives at Kootenay Pass and tells everyone that Jim is wanted for the murder of Black Eagle; his map was discovered near Black Eagle's body.

Herman continues romancing Lady Jane ("Why Shouldn't We?"). Hawley proposes to Rose-Marie, but she refuses him. He and a city girl whom he has employed, Ethel Brander, try to impress Rose-Marie with the glamour of city life in Quebec. Wanda leads an Indian "Totem-Tom-Tom" dance. Jim has received an offer from the Brazilian government to lead a mining project there. He asks Rose-Marie to come with him, even though it would be safer for her to go to Quebec and wait for him there. If she decides to come, they will meet at the "castle" and go to the United States to be married. If she does not, she should sing the Indian Love Call up the valley to him. Rose-Marie insists she will go with him; he leaves immediately, and she plans to follow twenty minutes later to avoid attracting suspicion. Sergeant Malone arrives with a warrant to arrest Jim for murder. Emile knows that Jim is hiding in the "castle". He tells Rose-Marie that he will not reveal Jim's hiding place to the Mounties if she will go to Quebec and marry Hawley. Holding back tears, Rose-Marie tells Hawley that she must sing the "Indian Love Call" to him, but she is really singing to Jim, telling him that she will not go with him.

Act II
Many months have passed. Rose-Marie is about to marry Hawley in Quebec, believing that Jim was the killer. Ethel Brander has convinced her that Jim murdered Hawley because he loved Wanda. Herman and Lady Jane have married, and they have a shop in Quebec. He still flirts with other women, but he catches her giving Sergeant Malone "Only a Kiss". Jim returns with Wanda intending for her to clear his name. But, seeing Wanda, Rose-Marie jumps to conclusions about Jim and Wanda. Rose-Marie tells Jim that she loves Hawley ("I Love Him").

The wedding preparations commence ("The Minuet of the Minute"), and Wanda jealously threatens Hawley. Sergeant Malone prepares to arrest Jim, who is hiding in Kootenay Pass, even though Malone is troubled by the evidence. Herman suspects Wanda and gets her to confess by pretending that Hawley has accused her of the murder. Jane interrupts them and incorrectly assumes Herman is cheating on her ("One Man Woman"). The wedding begins ("Doorway of My Dreams"), but as Rose-Marie walks down the aisle, Wanda publicly confesses to the murder and declares her love for Hawley. Everyone rushes to Jim's lodgings, and Rose-Marie goes to the pass to return Jim's "Indian Love Call". The lovers are finally united.

1 Rose-Marie peut-être considéré comme un Top musical

Producer Arthur Hammerstein, attempting to create popular new Broadway shows in the operetta tradition, sought exotic, unusual settings for his new productions. The Fortune Teller (1898) is set in Hungary, The Merry Widow (1907) takes place in France, and Naughty Marietta (1910) features New Orleans.[2] He sent his nephew, Oscar Hammerstein II, and Otto Harbach to Quebec, Canada, to witness a rumored magnificent ice sculpture festival. The men reported that there was not, nor had there ever been, such a festival in Quebec or any part of Canada.[3]

Arthur Hammerstein still liked the Canadian setting, and Oscar Hammerstein II and Harbach began work on the book for a new musical set in the Canadian Rockies. Rudolf Friml and Herbert Stothart collaborated on the score, and opera star Mary Ellis was cast in the title role.[4] British actor and singer Dennis King was cast opposite her as Jim Kenyon.[2]

Productions and Adaptations
Stage versions
Rose-Marie premiered on September 2, 1924 at the Imperial Theatre in New York City, running for 557 performances. Direction was by Paul Dickey and choreography was by Dave Bennett. The orchestrations were by Robert Russell Bennett. Costumes were designed by Charles LeMaire, and settings were by Gates and Morange.[2] It had a brief revival on Broadway in 1927.[5]

It was then produced at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in London in 1925, enjoying another extraordinary run of 581 performances. The original West End production had a chorus of eighty. It was London's most successful Broadway show after World War I until it was surpassed by Oklahoma!. In Paris's Théâtre Mogador, Rose-Marie ran for an unprecedented 1,250 performances.[4]

A touring company premiered the work in Canada on January 12, 1925 at the Royal Alexandra Theatre in Toronto, and the piece toured Australia and played in Paris.[6] Other Canadian productions were given by the Variétés lyriques in 1937 and another in 1945, in French, and by Theatre Under the Stars in 1940, Melody Fair in 1951, and the Eaton Operatic Society in 1959. In recent decades, it has been produced by the Light Opera of Manhattan several times in the 1970s and 1980s, the Shaw Festival in Canada (1981), Light Opera Works of Illinois (1987), and Ohio Light Opera in 2003.

Film versions
The show has been filmed three times, including a silent film in 1928. Joan Crawford starred in this version, alongside James Murray. The best known film version was released in 1936, starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. Although the plot was changed, and most of the songs were dropped, it was a huge success and became MacDonald and Eddy's best-known film. In 1954, MGM produced an Eastmancolor version in Cinemascope, which more closely followed the original plot, but it still dropped most of Friml's songs. This version starred Ann Blyth, Howard Keel and Fernando Lamas, with Bert Lahr and Marjorie Main as comic relief. It was choreographed by Busby Berkeley.

Act I
"Vive la Canadienne" – Sergeant Malone and Ensemble
"Hard-Boiled Herman" – Hard-Boiled Herman and Ensemble
"Rose-Marie" – Jim Kenyon and Sergeant Malone
"The Mounties" – Sergeant Malone and Ensemble
"Lak Jeem" – Rose-Marie La Flamme and Ensemble
"Rose-Marie (Reprise)" – Rose-Marie, Sergeant Malone, Edward Hawley, Emile and Ensemble
"Indian Love Call" – Rose-Marie and Jim
"Pretty Things" – Rose-Marie and Ensemble
"Why Shouldn't We?" – Lady Jane and Hard-Boiled Herman
"Totem Tom-Tom" – Wanda and Ensemble

Act II
"Pretty Things (Reprise)" – Ethel Brander and Girls
"Only a Kiss" – Hard-Boiled Herman, Lady Jane and Sergeant Malone
"I Love Him" – Rose-Marie, Jim, Hawley, Emile, Ethel and Wanda
"The Minuet of the Minute" – Rose-Marie and Hard-Boiled Herman
"One Man Woman" – Lady Jane, Hard-Boiled Herman and Ensemble
"The Door of Her Dreams (Door of My Dreams)" – Ensemble

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Rose-Marie

Version 1

Rose-Marie (1924-09-Imperial Theatre-Broadway)

Type de série: Original
Théâtre: Imperial Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 1 an 4 mois 2 semaines
Nombre : 557 représentations
Première Preview : mardi 02 septembre 1924
Première : mardi 02 septembre 1924
Dernière : samedi 16 janvier 1926
Mise en scène : Athur Hammerstein
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Lela Bliss (Ethel Brander), Edward Ciannelli (Emile La Flamme), Arthur Deagon (Sergeant Malone), Mary Ellis (Rose-Marie La Flamme), Frank GreeneWilliam Kent (Hard-Boiled Herman), Dennis King (Jim Kenyon), Arthur Ludwig (Black Eagle), Dorothy MacKaye (Lady Jane), Pearl Regay (Wanda)

Version 2

Rose-Marie (1925-03-Drury Lane Theatre-London)

Type de série: Original London
Théâtre: Drury Lane Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)
Durée : 2 ans
Nombre : 851 représentations
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : vendredi 20 mars 1925
Dernière : samedi 26 mars 1927
Mise en scène : Felix Edwardes
Chorégraphie : J. Kathryn Scott
Producteur :
Avec : Edith Day (Rose Marie), Derek Oldham (Jim Kenyon), Clarice Hardwick (Lady Jane), Billy Merson (Hardboiled Herman), Ruby Morris (Wanda), John Dunsmure (Sgt. Malone), Michael Cole (Emile la Flamme)
Commentaires : Il y avait plus de 100 choristes au Drury Lane.
La première à Londres a eu lieu à Drury Lane avec Edith Day et Derek Oldham. Le spectacle a eu 851 représentations, la plus longue série des années '20 à Londres pour un musical.

Version 3

Rose-Marie (1928-02-Film)

Type de série: Film
Théâtre: *** Film (*** - ***)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : samedi 11 février 1928
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Lucien Hubbard
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Joan Crawford (Rose-Marie), James Murray (Jim Kenyon), House Peters (Sergent Malone), Creighton Hale (Étienne Doray), Gibson Gowland (Black Bastien), George Cooper (Fuzzy), Lionel Belmore (Henri Duray), William Orlamond (Emile La Flamme), Polly Moran (Lady Jane), Harry Gribbon (Gendarme Gray), Gertrude Astor (Wanda), Ralph Yearsley (Jean), Sven Hugo Borg (Hudson)

Version 4

Rose-Marie (1936-01-Film)

Type de série: Film
Théâtre: *** Film (*** - ***)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mardi 28 janvier 1936
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : W.S. Van Dyke
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Jeanette MacDonald (Marie de Flor / Rose-Marie), Nelson Eddy (le sergent Bruce), Reginald Owen (Myerson), Allan Jones (un ténor (rôle de Romeo)), James Stewart (John Flower), Alan Mowbray (Premier ministre du Québec), Gilda Gray (Belle), George Regas (Boniface), Robert Greig (le directeur de l'hôtel), Una O'Connor (Anna Roderick), Lucien Littlefield (le commerçant), Herman Bing (M. Daniels), David Niven (Teddy)

Version 5

Rose-Marie (1954-03-Film)

Type de série: Film
Théâtre: *** Film (*** - ***)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mercredi 03 mars 1954
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Mervyn LeRoy
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Ann Blyth (Rose Marie Lemaitre), Howard Keel (Captain Mike Malone), Fernando Lam((James Severn Duval), Bert Lahr (Barney McCorkle), Marjorie Main (Lady Jane Dunstock), Joan Taylor (Wanda), Ray Collins (Inspector Appleby), Chief Yowlachie (Black Eagle), Lumsden Hare (The Judge)

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