Musical (1955)

Musique: Richard Adler
Paroles: Jerry Ross
Livret: Douglas Wallop • George Abott
Production à la création:

Based on Douglass Wallop's Novel "The Year The Yankees Lost The Pennant," Joe Boyd sells his soul to Mr. Applegate (the devil) for "one good Long ball hitter" for his team the Washington Senators, and becomes a 22 year old sports superstar who can escape by going back to his wife before 9 pm on the final game day. If he doesn't Mr. Applegate gets his soul.

Middle-aged real estate agent Joe Boyd is a long-suffering fan of the pathetic Washington Senators baseball team. His wife Meg laments this Six Months Out Of Every Year. After Meg has gone to bed, Joe sits up late, grumbling that if the Senators just had a "long ball hitter" they could beat the "damn Yankees". "I'd sell my soul for a long ball hitter," he laments. Suddenly, "Mr. Applegate" appears. He looks like a slick salesman, but he is really the Devil, and he offers Joe exactly that deal: if he gives up his soul, Joe will become "Joe Hardy", the young slugger the Senators need. Joe accepts, even though he must leave his wife Meg Goodbye Old Girl. However, Joe's business sense makes him insist on an escape clause. The Senators' last game is on September 25, and if he plays in that final game, he is "in for the duration". If not, he has until 9 o'clock that night to walk away from the deal and return to his normal life.

At the ball park, the hapless Senators vow to play their best despite their failings Heart. Then Joe Hardy is suddenly discovered, and joins the team. Gloria, a reporter, praises him Shoeless Joe from Hannibal, Mo. His hitting prowess enables the Senators to move up the standings.

Though Joe is increasingly successful, he truly misses his wife and begins boarding with her. Meg and the young man begin to bond, especially over her "lost" husband A Man Doesn't Know. Fearful of losing his deal, Mr. Applegate calls Lola, "the best homewrecker on [his] staff", to seduce Joe and ensure his damnation. Lola promises to deliver A Little Brains, A Little Talent, and Applegate introduces her as a sultry South American dancer named "Señorita Lolita Banana". Lola sings a seductive song Whatever Lola Wants, Lola Gets, but Joe's devotion to his wife proves too strong, even for her. Applegate punishes her by sending her to hell, where she performs with other damned souls Who's Got the Pain.

Applegate decides to switch tactics to ensure Joe's failure. He releases false information about Joe Hardy's true identity being "Shifty McCoy," an escaped criminal and con artist. When Gloria discovers this information, she presses charges, and Joe is forced into court.

The Senators prepare for the final game against the Yankees for the pennant, and worry about Joe - but vow to think of nothing but winning The Game. Meanwhile, angry fans are seeking Joe out, so he decides to leave the Boyd home. As he does, he tells Meg indirectly that he is her old husband Near to You. Meanwhile, Applegate is exhausted by the work he has put into collecting one soul, and thinks about the "simpler" times in his long history Those Were the Good Old Days.

Joe's day in court is on the same day as the Senators' final game. As Joe Hardy technically does not exist, he cannot produce any kind of identification. The owner of the Senators, coach, and even Lola (disguised as "Senora McCoy testify against Joe; unfortunately, their opinions are invalid. Gloria suggests that Applegate take the stand, but he is unable to take the oath due to its provision against lying. "Don't you have another version of that thing?" he asks. Joe realizes that Applegate is simply stalling to keep him from meeting his 9 o'clock deadline. Applegate claims that Joe "just needs time to think", and sends him to the lower levels of hell, where history's most famous lovers wait. Lola meets Joe there, and realizes that he truly does love Meg. She helps him by sending him into the final game, and delays Applegate by coercing him into a duet Two Lost Souls.

When Applegate finally arrives at the game, it is five minutes to nine, and Joe is at bat. As time runs out, Meg, her friends, and even Lola begin cheering for Joe. Applegate uses his powers to give Joe two strikes. The clock strikes nine, and Applegate claims victory—but at the last second, Joe cries, "Let me go!" The deal is broken, and he is transformed back into his old self. Amazingly, he is still able to hit a home run and win the Senators the pennant.

Back at home, Joe rushes into Meg's arms. Applegate appears on the scene, claiming that Joe owes him his soul. Joe begs Meg to hold him and not let go, and she begins to sing A Man Doesn't Know Reprise. Applegate promises to make Joe young again, and even ensure a World Series victory. But his powers are useless against the pair's true love, which Lola points out. Applegate shouts that such a thing cannot exist - but he is wrong. He and Lola vanish back into Hell, defeated, with Joe and Meg united again forever.

(This is the plot of the 1994 Broadway revival of the play; there are differences from the 1955 version.)

Original Version [1955]
Revised Version [1993]

Based on Wallop's novel The Year the Yankees Lost the Pennant

The producers Harold Prince, Robert Griffith, and Frederick Brisson had decided that the lead actress for the part of "Lola" had to be a dancer. They offered the role to both the movie actress Mitzi Gaynor and ballet dancer Zizi Jeanmaire, each of whom turned down the role. Although Gwen Verdon had sung just one song in her previous show (Can-Can), the producers were willing to take a chance on her. She initially refused, preferring to assist another choreographer, but finally agreed. Choreographer Bob Fosse insisted on meeting her before working with her, and after meeting and working for a brief time, they each agreed to the arrangement.

Damn Yankees opened on Broadway at the 46th Street Theatre on May 5, 1955, transferred to the Adelphi Theatre on May 17, 1957, and ran for a total of 1,019 performances. Directed by George Abbott, scenery and costumes William and Jean Eckart, dances and musical numbers staged by Bob Fosse, musical director Hal Hastings, orchestrations by Don Walker, and dance music arrangements by Roger Adams.

The production starred Gwen Verdon (Lola), Shannon Bolin (Meg), Robert Shafer (Joe Boyd), Elizabeth Howell (Doris), Stephen Douglass (Joe Hardy), Al Lanti (Henry), Eddie Phillips (Sohovik), Nathaniel Frey (Smokey), Albert Linville (Vernon, Postmaster), Russ Brown (Van Buren), Jimmy Komack (Rocky), Rae Allen (Gloria), Cherry Davis (Teenager), Del Horstmann (Lynch, Commissioner), Richard Bishop (Welch), Janie Janvier (Miss Weston), Ray Walston (Mr. Applegate). And Jean Stapleton (Sister).

A West End production played at the London Coliseum beginning on March 28, 1957, where the musical played for 258 performances.[2] The production starred Olympic skater Belita (née Gladys Lyne Jepson-Turner) as Lola, but the Fosse choreography was alien to her style, and she was soon replaced by Elizabeth Seal.[3] The production also starred Bill Kerr as Mr. Applegate, and Ivor Emmanuel as Joe Hardy.

In the mid-1970s, Vincent Price starred as Applegate in summer stock productions of the show. In the late 1970s and early 1980s film actor Van Johnson appeared as Mr. Applegate in productions throughout the U.S.A. A Broadway revival opened at the Marquis Theatre on March 3, 1994 and ran for 718 performincas and 18 previews. Featured were Bebe Neuwirth as Lola and Victor Garber as Mr. Applegate. Garber was succeeded by Jerry Lewis, making his Broadway debut, on March 12, 1995, who then starred in a national tour and also played the role in a London production. Jack O'Brien directed, with choreography by Rob Marshall, assisted by his sister, Kathleen Marshall. O'Brien is also credited with revisions to the book.

The 1994 revival production of Damn Yankees opened in the West End at the Adelphi Theatre on June 4, 1997 (previews started May 29) and closed on August 9, 1997. Jerry Lewis reprised his role as Mr. Applegate.

A revival was produced by the City Center Encores! Summer Stars series from July 5 to July 27, 2008. It starred Jane Krakowski as Lola, Sean Hayes as Applegate, Randy Graff as Meg, Megan Lawrence as Gloria Thorpe (replacing an injured Ana Gasteyer during rehearsal), PJ Benjamin as Joe Boyd, and Cheyenne Jackson as Joe Hardy. John Rando directed and the original Fosse choreography was reproduced by Mary MacLeod. Given the substantial changes in the 1994 revival, this is considered by some the first authentic revival of the original production

What Lola Wants (UK film title)
The Year the Yankees Lost the Pennant (source material)

Acte I
Six Months Out Of Every Year—Meg Boyd, Joe Boyd, Sister, Gloria Thorpe, Husbands and Wives
Goodbye Old Girl—Joe Boyd and Joe Hardy
Blooper Ballet—The Senators
Heart—Van Buren, Smokey, Rocky, Linville
Shoeless Joe from Hannibal, Mo. -- Gloria Thorpe, Senators
Shoeless Joe (Reprise) -- Gloria Thorpe, Joe Hardy and Ensemble (1994 revival only, used elements of the song in the style of retro-1950s commercials)
A Little Brains, a Little Talent—Lola
A Man Doesn't Know—Joe Hardy & Meg Boyd
Whatever Lola Wants, Lola Gets-- Lola

Acte II
Who's Got the Pain? -- Lola & Senators (Originally, this came at the end of Act One, as "The Game" started Act Two)
The Game—Rocky, Smokey & Senators
Near to You—Joe Hardy and Meg Boyd (1994 IBDB shows the addition of Joe Boyd)
Those Were the Good Old Days—Applegate
Two Lost Souls—Lola and Joe Hardy (1994 IBDB shows Applegate, 1955 IBDB shows Hardy)
A Man Doesn't Know (Reprise) -- Meg Boyd and Joe Boyd

Joe Boyd — A middle-aged, overweight married man who is in love with baseball, especially the Senators [the "older" Joe Hardy]
Joe Hardy — The 22-year-old, home run hitting alter ego of Joe Boyd
Lola — The Devil's seductress assistant
Mr. Applegate — The Devil in disguise as a slick salesman
Meg Boyd — Joe's loyal, traditional wife
Van Buren — The hard working manager of the Washington Senators with great heart but no luck
Gloria Thorpe — A probing reporter
Rocky — A baseball player for the Washington Senators
Smokey — A "dim bulb" catcher for the Washington Senators
Doris — A friend of Meg
Sister — A friend of Meg
Mr. Welch - The owner of the Senators
Others: Bouley (also called Ibsen in some productions), Vernon, Henry, Linville, Sohovik, Lowe, Mickey, Del, and The Commissioner
Baseball players and batboys; Baseball fans' wives

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Damn Yankees

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Damn Yankees

Version 1

Damn Yankees (1955-05-Broadway Run-Broadway)

Type de série: Original
Théâtre: Broadway Run (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 2 ans 5 mois 1 semaine
Nombre : 1019 représentations
Première Preview : 05 May 1955
Première: 05 May 1955
Dernière: 12 October 1957
Mise en scène : George Abbott
Chorégraphie : Bob Fosse
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Meg … Shannon Bolin
Joe Boyd … Robert Shafer
Applegate … Ray Walston
Sister … Jean Stapleton
Doris … Elizabeth Howell
Joe Hardy … Stephen Douglass
Henry … Al Lanti
Sohovik … Eddie Phillips
Smokey … Nathaniel Frey
Yemen … Albert Linville
Van Buren … Russ Brown
Rocky … Jimmie Komack
Gloria … Rae Allen
Teenager … Cherry Davis
Lynch … Del Horstmann
Welch … Richard Bishop
Lola … Gwen Verdon
Miss Weston … Janie Janvier
Guard … George Marcy
Commissioner … Del Horstmann
Postmaster … Albert Linville

Version 2

Damn Yankees (1957-03-Coliseum Theatre-London)

Type de série: Original London
Théâtre: Coliseum Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)
Durée :
Nombre : 258 représentations
Première Preview : 28 March 1957
Première: 28 March 1957
Dernière: Inconnu
Mise en scène : George Abbott
Chorégraphie : Bob Fosse
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Lola … Belita
Applegate … Bill Kerr
Joe Hardy … Ivor Emmanuel
Meg … Betty Paul
Ensemble … Donald Stewart, Robin Hunter

Version 3

Damn Yankees (1959-03-Film)

Type de série: Film
Théâtre: *** Film (*** - ***)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : 06 March 1959
Première: 06 March 1959
Dernière: 06 March 1959
Mise en scène : Charles Abbott • Stanley Donen
Chorégraphie : ???? ????
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Avec: Gwen Verdon, Tab Hunter, Ray Walston, Russ Brown, Shannon Bolin, Nathaniel Frey, Jimmie Komack, Rae Allen, Robert Shafer
Commentaires longs: The actors had to sing along with a metronome because the musicians who would have accompanied them normally were on strike at the time.

Gwen Verdon was famous on Broadway for her hip movements, especially her bumps, as they were called, but in 1958, bumps such as these were not allowed in films, so her first number, "A Little Brains," contains odd static pauses where she had done her bumps on stage.

The Mambo Dancer who dances with Gwen Verdon in the tribute to Joe Hardy was Bob Fosse--who was not only the choreographer of this film (and choreographer-director of later films, such as Cabaret) but also Verdon's husband.

Right after the mambo number, as the male dancer (choreographer Bob Fosse) leaves the stage, the Joe Hardy character shakes the dancer's hand and says, "Great work, Fosse!"

Version 4

Damn Yankees (1994-02-Marquis Theatre-Broadway)

Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Marquis Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 1 an 5 mois
Nombre : 18 previews - 718 représentations
Première Preview : 14 February 1994
Première: 03 March 1994
Dernière: 06 August 1995
Mise en scène : Jack O'Brien
Chorégraphie : Rob Marshall
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Joe Boyd … Dennis Kelly
Joe Hardy … Jarrod Emick
Applegate … Victor Garber
Lola … Bebe Neuwirth
Meg Boyd … Linda Stephens
Van Buren … Dick Latessa
Gloria Thorpe … Vicki Lewis
Welch … Terrence P. Currier
Sister … Susan Mansur
Bomber … Michael Berresse
Smokey … Jeff Blumenkrantz
Betty … Paula Leggett Chase
Henry … Bruce Anthony Davis
Bubba … Cory English
Mickey … John Ganun
Sohovik … Gregory Jbara
Kitty … Cynthia Onrubia
Vernon … Joey Pizzi
Del … Scott Robertson
Photographer … Amy Ryder
Donna … Nancy Ticotin
Ozzie … Michael Winther
Rocky … Scott Wise
Rita … Amy Ryder

Version 5

Damn Yankees (1996-01-Bridewell Theatre-London)

Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Bridewell Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)
Durée : 3 semaines
Nombre :
Première Preview : 08 January 1996
Première: 08 January 1996
Dernière: 03 February 1996
Mise en scène : Carol Metcalfe
Chorégraphie : Bernard Sharpe
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Liz Izen (Lola), Daniel Brown (Joe Hardy), Peter Gale (Mr Applegate), Clovissa Newcombe, Jill Martin, Clive Paget

Version 6

Damn Yankees (1997-05-Adelphi Theatre-London)

Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Adelphi Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)

Durée : 2 mois
Nombre : 77 représentations
Première Preview : 29 May 1997
Première: 04 June 1997
Dernière: 09 August 1997
Mise en scène : Jack O'Brien
Chorégraphie : Rob Marshall
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Jerry Lewis (Mr Applegate), April Nixon (Lola), John-Michael Flate (Joe Hardy), Dennis Kelly (Joe Boyd), Louis D. Giovannetti, Joy Franz, Julie Prosser, Steven Seale, Mark Chmiel, Eric Leviton, Nigel Harman, Shaun Henson, Michael Duran, Ned Hannah, Bill Brassea, Christopher Windom, Richie Mastascusa, Jamie Ross, Ned Hannah, Ellen Grosso, Susan Taylor, Vickie Taylor, Karen Babcock, Julie Janney, Amelia Prentice, Karen Babcock, Susan Taylor, Vickie Taylor, Michael Duran, Julie Janney, Ned Hannah, Nigel Harman, Stephen Seale, Scott Robertson, April Nixon, Mel Allen, Ned Hannah, Mark Chmiel
Commentaires : The star of this show was the 71 year old American comedian Jerry Lewis. A 15 minute section of the Second Act was tailored to his presence, enabling him to hi-jack the show, breaking into his nutty-professor voice, tossing canes in the air and failing to catch them, telling joke after joke in his old vaudeville act, and then just as suddenly returning to the script and the plot. Jerry Lewis fans loved it. The show itself was much praised on its first return to London after some 40 years, but it ran for just over nine weeks.

An expected transfer to the Savoy Theatre from 16 October 1997 was cancelled.
Presse : NICK CURTIS of the EVENING STANDARD describes the show as making “ a modest start to its London season “ and going on to describe Jerry Lewis’s performance as “ sometimes good, sometimes bad, and sometimes just plain ugly”

MICHAEL BILLINGTON of THE GUARDIAN says , “not wildly exciting but harmlessly pleasant.”.

MICHAEL COVENEY of the DAILY MAIL enjoyed the show and particularly liked the leading actors performances, saying, “Lewis is a treat, Miss Nixon a black bombshell in pink underwear”

CHARLES SPENCER of THE DAILY TELEGRAPH says “Damn Yankees is the kind of musical they don't write any more. Emerging from the theatre with a fatuous smile on my face, I wished that they did.”

Version 7

Damn Yankees (2008-07-City Center-New York) Encores!

Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: City Center (New-York - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 2 semaines
Nombre :
Première Preview : 05 July 2008
Première: 10 July 2008
Dernière: 27 July 2008
Mise en scène : John Rando
Chorégraphie : Mary McLeod
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Mr. Applegate … Sean Hayes
Lola … Jane Krakowski
Joe Hardy … Cheyenne Jackson
Meg Boyd … Randy Graff
Joe Boyd … P. J. Benjamin
Sister … Veanne Cox
Doris … Kathy Fitzgerald
Van Buren … Michael Mulheren
Gloria Thorpe … Megan Lawrence
Henry … Baron Vaughn
Sohovik … Jimmy Ray Bennett
Smokey … Robert Creighton
Linville … T. Oliver Reid
Rocky … Jimmy Smagula
1st Teenage Girl … Chandra Lee Schwartz
2nd Teenage Girl … Pamela Otterson
Lynch … Jay Lusteck
Welch … John Horton
Miss Weston … Rachel Coloff
Assistant … Stacey Sargeant
1st Boy … Alexander Scheitinger
2nd Boy … Cody Ryan Wise
Eddie … John Selya
Mambo Dancer … John Selya
Postmaster … T. Oliver Reid
Game Announcer … David Garrison

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