Brigadoon is a musical with a book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe. Songs from the musical, such as "Almost Like Being in Love" have become standards.
It tells the story of a mysterious Scottish village that appears for only one day every hundred years, though to the villagers, the passing of each century seems no longer than one night. The enchantment is viewed by them as a blessing rather than a curse, for it saved the village from destruction. According to their covenant with God, no one from Brigadoon may ever leave, or the enchantment will be broken and the site and all its inhabitants will disappear into the mist forever. Two American tourists, lost in the Scottish Highlands, stumble upon the village just as a wedding is about to be celebrated, and their arrival has serious implications for the village's inhabitants.
The original production opened on Broadway in 1947 and ran for 581 performances. Brigadoon then received a West End production opening in 1949 that ran for 685 performances, and many revivals followed. A 1954 film version starred Gene Kelly and Cyd Charisse. A 1966 television version starred Robert Goulet and Peter Falk.
A Brigadoon, en Écosse, deux Américains rencontrent un village, frappé d'une malédiction qui le fait n'exister qu'un jour par siècle. Les habitants du village vivent donc au milieu du XVIIIe siècle. L'un des deux voyageurs, Tommy s'éprend d'une jeune habitante de ce village, Fiona. Celle-ci ne peut quitter le village pour l'accompagner à New-York où il vit : si un seul habitant du village s'éloigne, Brigadoon restera à jamais dans les ténèbres. De retour à New York, Tommy réalise que Brigadoon lui manque ; il repart aussitôt. Sur place, le village a disparu. Un miracle a lieu : Brigadoon émerge des brumes. Tommy retrouve Fiona et partagera le destin des habitants de Brigadoon.
New Yorkers Tommy Albright and Jeff Douglas have traveled to the Scottish Highlands on a game-hunting vacation, only to get lost their first night out. While discussing Tommy's general ennui, they begin to hear music Brigadoon and notice in a valley nearby, a village, where the map shows nothing. Tommy and Jeff decide to visit it, if only to get directions back to their inn, and they walk toward it.
Meanwhile, in the town itself, a fair has begun McConnachy Square, with the local vendors selling milk, ale, wool, and such. Everyone is dressed in traditional Scottish tartan apparel, replete with kilts, sporrans, and ghillies. The villagers include Meg Brockie, a dairy vendor with a taste for gentlemanly companionship; Angus McGuffie, her employer; Archie Beaton, seller of wool and plaids; and his son Harry. The MacLaren family enters, consisting of patriarch Andrew and his two daughters Fiona, a young woman of about 24, and Jean, her dainty, sweet younger sister. They have come to purchase supplies for the wedding of Jean to Charlie Dalrymple. Poor Harry Beaton is madly in love with Jean, and he is very depressed at the thought of her marrying another. One of the other girls asks Fiona when she will get married, and she responds, "When I find someone who makes me think of it." She would rather wait to find true love than end up marrying the wrong person Waitin' For My Dearie.
Just then, Tommy and Jeff wander in from the hillside. They and the Scottish folks stare at each other with bewilderment until Tommy asks where they are, and are told "Brigadoon". Fiona introduces herself to Tommy and offers the Americans a bite to eat and a place to rest. Meg immediately takes a liking to Jeff and leads him off, as Charlie Dalrymple appears. He's a handsome young man. He shares some celebratory claret with Tommy, toasting to a Mr. Forsythe whom he thanks for "postponing the miracle". Tommy asks what he means by this, but Fiona shushes him and leads him away, as Charlie sings about the end of his bachelorhood Go Home with Bonnie Jean.
Tommy and Fiona talk about his impending marriage to his fiancée Jane in New York; Tommy is in no hurry to marry her, and sparks begin to fly between him and Fiona when she reveals that she likes him very much, although she "dinna" like anything he says. She must go to gather heather for the wedding, and Tommy insists on going with her The Heather on the Hill. Meanwhile, Meg takes Jeff to a place in the forest with a shack and a cot where he can get some sleep. She tells him she's "highly attracted" to him, but he wants nothing but sleep and spurns her advances. She reveals her unusual love life The Love Of My Life as he falls asleep.
In the MacLaren home, Jean's friends are helping her pack her things to move into Charlie's home Jeannie's Packin' Up. Charlie arrives to sign the MacLaren family Bible. He wants to see Jean, but he is told it is bad luck to see her on the wedding day. He begs for her to come out anyway Come to Me, Bend to Me. Tommy and Fiona enter with a basket full of heather they have picked. Fiona goes upstairs to help Jean dress for the wedding, and Jeff enters wearing a pair of Highland trews (trousers); apparently his own pants have been damaged on a "thistle". Jeff finds that Tommy is so happy that he can barely contain it Almost Like Being In Love. Then Tommy notices the family Bible, which contains the names of all the people he has met that day, but every important event attached to them, including the impending wedding of Charlie and Jean, is listed as if it had happened two hundred years earlier. He calls Fiona down to question her about this, and she tells him that he needs see the schoolmaster, Mr. Lundie, to get the full explanation.
Fiona, Tommy, and Jeff arrive at Mr. Lundie's home, where he relates a story that the two New Yorkers can hardly believe: two hundred years ago, the local parish pastor prayed to God to have Brigadoon disappear, only to reappear for one day every 100 years, to protect it from being changed by the outside world. None of the people of Brigadoon can be permitted to leave the town, or it will disappear forever. Tommy, looking at Fiona, asks hypothetically if an outsider could be permitted to stay. Mr. Lundie replies, "A stranger can stay if he loves someone here - not jus' Brigadoon, mind ye, but someone in Brigadoon - enough to want to give up everythin' an' stay with that one person. Which is how it should be. 'Cause after all, lad, if ye love someone deeply, anythin' is possible."
The group leaves to go to the wedding, which opens with the Clans coming in from the hills. Charlie and Jean are married by Mr. Lundie, and they perform a traditional wedding dance to celebrate. Sword dancers appear, led by Harry, and they perform an elaborate dance over their weapons. All the town joins in the dance, but abruptly halt as Jean's scream alerts them to Harry trying to kiss her. In anguish over Jean's wedding, he announces that he's leaving the town (which would end the miracle, causing Brigadoon to disappear forever into the Highland mists) and sprints away.
The men of the town, including Tommy and a reluctant Jeff, are frantically trying to find Harry before he can depart the town The Chase. The music becomes more and more agitated, and suddenly an agonized scream is heard. Harry Beaton, who appears to have fallen on a rock and crushed his skull, is found dead by the other men. They decide not to tell the rest of the town until the next morning so that the wedding can continue without further grief. The men carry Harry's body away, and Fiona and her father arrive to see if everything is all right. As Mr. MacLaren leaves, Tommy sees Fiona, and they embrace. She reveals her love for him, and he tells her he believes he feels the same way There But For You Go I. Fiona reminds him that the end of the day is near, and Tommy tells her he wants to stay in Brigadoon with her. They go to find Mr. Lundie.
Meanwhile, in the village, Meg tells about the day her parents were drunkenly married My Mother's Wedding Day and the townsfolk begin to relax and dance again, until the sound of the Highland Pipes pierces the air. Archie Beaton enters carrying Harry's body, led by the pipers playing a pìobaireachd, and Maggie Anderson, who loved Harry, performs a funeral dance for her unrequited love. The men of Brigadoon help Archie carry his son to the burial place.
Tommy finds Jeff and tells him of his plans to stay. Jeff thinks the idea absurd and argues with Tommy until he has convinced him that Brigadoon is only a dream. He also reveals that it was he who tripped Harry and accidentally killed him. Fiona and Mr. Lundie enter, and Tommy, shaken by Jeff's confession, tells Fiona that even though he loves her, he cannot stay; he still has doubts From This Day On. Fiona tells Tommy that she will love him forever as she fades away into the darkness.
Four months later, Jeff is drinking heavily at a hotel bar in New York. Tommy enters and greets Jeff. Tommy has been living on a farm in New Hampshire since his return from Scotland. He is still in love with Fiona; he cannot stop thinking about her and daydreams of her constantly, to the point of being unable to hold a conversation with anyone. Jane Ashford, his fiancée, a beautiful socialite in her late 20s, talks to him about their impending wedding, but everything she says causes him to hear Fiona's voice and dream of Brigadoon (Reprises of "Come to Me, Bend to Me" and "Heather on the Hill. Tommy focuses on the present long enough to interrupt her and tell her that he cannot marry her. She argues with him, but he continues to daydream about his true love (Reprises of "Go Home With Bonnie Jean" and "From This Day On. As Jane leaves, Tommy calls Jeff and tells him he wants to return to Scotland, although he knows the village will not be there. Tommy and Jeff return to the spot where Brigadoon was and as expected, nothing is there. Tommy laments, "Why do people have to lose things to find out what they really mean?" Just as he and Jeff turn to leave, they hear the music again Brigadoon, and Mr. Lundie appears. Tommy walks across the bridge in a daze to him, as Mr. Lundie explains: "Oh it's you Tommy, lad. You woke me up. You must really love her," to which Tommy, still dazed, stammers "Wha- how….?" and Mr. Lundie replies "You shouldna be too surprised, lad. I told ye when ye love someone deeply enough, anythin' is possible. Even miracles." Tommy waves goodbye to Jeff, and disappears with Mr. Lundie into the highland mist to be reunited with Fiona and live happily ever after.
The critic George Jean Nathan wrote that Lerner's book was based on a much older German story by Friedrich Gerstäcker, later translated by Charles Brandon Schaeffer, about the mythical village of Germelshausen that fell under an evil magic curse. In 1947, memories of World War II were too fresh to present a German-themed musical on Broadway, so Lerner reimagined the story in Scotland, complete with kilts, bonnie lassies, bagpipes, Highland flings and "Heather on the Hill".
However, in his memoirs, The Street Where I Live, Lerner denied that he had based the book on an older story. He writes that after New York Times critic George Nathan had accused him of stealing the plot the Times "called and offered me space to answer him, which I did, labelling the whole accusation as rubbish and documenting the developments of [the] play into the final product." He goes on to write, "Nevertheless, to this day chroniclers of the musical theater invariably state Brigadoon was based on a folk tale and give Nathan as their authority."
Lerner's name for his imaginary locale was probably based on a well-known Scottish landmark, the Brig o' Doon (Bridge of Doon), in Alloway, Scotland, in the heart of Robert Burns country. According to Burns's poem "Tam o'Shanter", this 13th century stone bridge is where the legendary Tam o' Shanter fled on his horse Meg in order to escape from three witches who were chasing him. Other sources suggest that the fictional village's name was constructed from the Celtic word "briga", which means "town" (such as in the old city names of Segobriga and Brigantium) and the Scottish Gaelic "dùn", which means a fort, e.g., Dundee or Dunfermline. The name may also be a reference to the Celtic Goddess Brigid, as in "Brigid's Hill". See also Alloway and D. Myers for another interpretation.
The original Broadway production, directed by Robert Lewis and choreographed by Agnes de Mille, opened March 13, 1947, at the Ziegfeld Theatre, where it ran for 581 performances. It starred David Brooks as Tommy, Marion Bell as Fiona, Lee Sullivan as Charlie, James Mitchell as Harry, and Pamela Britton as Meg. The concertmistress of the orchestra was noted American violinist Joan Field. De Mille won the Tony Award for Best Choreography, and Bell and Mitchell won the Theatre World Award. The production enjoyed an extended North American tour.
The musical's original West End production opened on April 14, 1949, at Her Majesty's Theatre, running for 685 performances. It starred Philip Hanna as Tommy, Patricia Hughes as Fiona, James Jamieson as Harry, and Noele Gordon as Meg.
The musical was revived at New York City Center in May 1950. and returned to Broadway seven years later, directed by George H. Englund and choreographed by De Mille, opening on April 15, 1957, at the Adelphi Theatre, where it ran for 24 performances. The cast included David Atkinson, Helen Gallagher, Patricia Birch, and Marilyn Cooper. Another Broadway revival, directed by John Fearnley and choreographed by De Mille, opened on January 30, 1963, at New York City Center, where it ran for 16 performances. The cast included Peter Palmer, Russell Nype, Sally Ann Howes, and Edward Villella. It was Tony-nominated for Best Actress in a Musical (Howes), Best Direction of a Musical, and Best Conductor and Musical Director.
The next Broadway revival, directed by Vivian Matalon and choreographed by De Mille, opened on October 16, 1980, at the Majestic Theatre, where it ran for 133 performances and eight previews. The cast included Meg Bussert, Martin Vidnovic, and John Curry. Vidnovic received Tony and Drama Desk Award nominations, Bussert earned a Tony nomination and won the Theatre World Award, and the production was Tony-nominated for Best Reproduction.
New York City Opera has staged the musical in 1986 and 1991.
The musical was revived in the West End at the Victoria Palace Theatre, opening on October 25, 1988, and closing August 5, 1989, starring Robert Meadmore (Tommy), Jacinta Mulcahy, and Lesley Mackie. The director was Roger Redfarn and de Mille's dances were rechoreographed by Tommy Shaw. The Times reviewer noted that those dances were "the main source of the magic."
Prelude (Once In The Highlands)
Down On MacConnachy Square
Waitin' For My Dearie
I'll Go Home With Bonnie Jean
The Heather On The Hill
Rain Exorcism †
The Love Of My Life
Jeannie's Packin' Up
Come To Me, Bend To Me
Almost Like Being In Love
Wedding Dance ‡
The Sword Dance ‡
There But For You Go I
Steps Stately †
Drunken Reel †
My Mother's Wedding Day
From This Day On
Reprises: Come To Me, Bend to Me / The Heather on the Hill / From This Day On
† Added in 1980 Revival
‡ Moved to Act II in 1980 Revival
Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Brigadoon
Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Brigadoon
Brigadoon (1947-03-Ziegfield Theatre-Broadway)Type de série: Original
Théâtre: Ziegfield Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis) Durée : Nombre : 581 représentationsPremière Preview : Inconnu
Première: 13 March 1947
Dernière: 31 July 1948Mise en scène : Robert Lewis • Chorégraphie : Agnès de Mille • Producteur : Commentaires longs: Mise en scène: Robert Lewis - Chorégraphie: Agnes de Mille - Avec: David Brooks (Tommy), Marion Bell (Fiona), Lee Sullivan (Charlie), James Mitchell (Harry), Pamela Britton (Meg). De Mille a gagné le Tony Award for Best Choreography, et Bell et Mitchell ont gagné le Theatre World Award.
Brigadoon (1949-04-Her Majesty's Theatre-London)Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Her Majesty's Theatre (Londres - Angleterre) Durée : Nombre : 685 représentationsPremière Preview : Inconnu
Première: 14 April 1949
Dernière: InconnuMise en scène : Chorégraphie : Producteur : Commentaires longs: Avec: Philip Hanna (Tommy), Patricia Hughes (Fiona), James Jamieson (Harry), et Noele Gordon (Meg).
Brigadoon (1950-05-New-York City Center)Type de série: Original
Théâtre: New-York City Center (New-York - Etats-Unis) Durée : 2 semaines Nombre : 24 représentationsPremière Preview : Inconnu
Première: 02 May 1950
Dernière: 21 May 1950Mise en scène : Robert Lewis • Chorégraphie : Agnès de Mille • Producteur :
Brigadoon (1957-04-Adelphi Theatre-Broadway)Type de série: Original
Théâtre: George Abbott Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis) Durée : Nombre : 24 représentationsPremière Preview : Inconnu
Première: 15 April 1957
Dernière: 04 May 1957Mise en scène : Chorégraphie : Producteur : Commentaires longs: Avce: David Atkinson, Helen Gallagher, Patricia Birch, et Marilyn Cooper.
Brigadoon (1961-05-New York City Center)Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: New York City Center (Broadway - Etats-Unis) Durée : 1 semaine Nombre : 16 représentationsPremière Preview : Inconnu
Première: 30 May 1961
Dernière: 10 June 1961Mise en scène : John Fearnley • Chorégraphie : Agnès de Mille • Producteur :
Brigadoon (1963-01-New-York City Center)Type de série: Original
Théâtre: New-York City Center (New-York - Etats-Unis) Durée : Nombre : 16 représentationsPremière Preview : Inconnu
Première: 30 January 1963
Dernière: 10 February 1963Mise en scène : Chorégraphie : Producteur : Commentaires longs: Avec: Peter Palmer, Russell Nype, Sally Ann Howes, et Edward Villella. Nominations aux Tony: Best Actress in a Musical (Howes), Best Direction of a Musical, et Best Conductor and Musical Director.
Brigadoon (1963-05-New York City Center)Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: New York City Center (Broadway - Etats-Unis) Durée : 1 semaine Nombre : Première Preview : Inconnu
Première: 15 May 1963
Dernière: 26 May 1963Mise en scène : John Fearnley • Chorégraphie : Agnès de Mille • Producteur : Commentaires longs: After its originally scheduled run of 15 performances in february, the production returned for another 15 performances in May.
Brigadoon (1964-12-New York City Center)Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: New York City Center (Broadway - Etats-Unis) Durée : 1 semaine Nombre : 17 représentationsPremière Preview : Inconnu
Première: 23 December 1964
Dernière: 03 January 1965Mise en scène : John Fearnley • Chorégraphie : Agnès de Mille • Producteur :
Brigadoon (1967-12-New York City Center)Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: New York City Center (Broadway - Etats-Unis) Durée : Nombre : 23 représentationsPremière Preview : Inconnu
Première: 13 December 1967
Dernière: InconnuMise en scène : John Fearnley • Chorégraphie : Agnès de Mille • Producteur :
Brigadoon (1980-09-National Theatre-Washington)Type de série: Pre-Broadway Try Out
Théâtre: National Theatre (Washington - Etats-Unis) Durée : 3 semaines Nombre : Première Preview : Inconnu
Première: 09 September 1980
Dernière: 05 October 1980Mise en scène : Vivian Matalon • Chorégraphie : Agnès de Mille • James Jamieson • Producteur :
Brigadoon (1980-10-Majestic Theatre-Broadway)Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Majestic Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis) Durée : 3 mois 3 semaines Nombre : 8 previews - 133 représentationsPremière Preview : 09 October 1980
Première: 16 October 1980
Dernière: 08 February 1981Mise en scène : Vivian Matalon • Chorégraphie : Agnès de Mille • James Jamieson • Producteur :
Brigadoon (1981-11-Alliance Theatre-Atlanta)Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Alliance Theatre (Atlanta - Etats-Unis) Durée : Nombre : 32 représentationsPremière Preview : Inconnu
Première: 25 November 1981
Dernière: InconnuMise en scène : Charles Abbott • Chorégraphie : Susi McCarter • Producteur :
Brigadoon (1988-10-Victoria Palace Theatre-London)Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Victoria Palace Theatre (Londres - Angleterre) Durée : 9 mois 1 semaine Nombre : Première Preview : Inconnu
Première: 25 October 1988
Dernière: 05 August 1989Mise en scène : Roger Redfarn • Chorégraphie : Agnès de Mille • Tommy Shaw • Producteur : Avec : Robert Meadmore (Tommy Albright), Robin Nedwell (Jeff Douglas), Jacinta Mulcahy (Fiona MacLaren), Lesley Mackie (Meg Brockie), Maurice Clarke (Charlie), lan MacKenzie Stewart (Harry)Commentaires : The original Broadway production was in March 1947 and ran for 581 performances. The London premiere was at His Majesty’s Theatre, April 14th 1949 and ran even longer than in New York - for 685 performances with Philip Hanna, Patricia Hughes and Noele Gordon.
Brigadoon (1995-02-Paper Mill Playhouse-Milburn)Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Paper Mill Playhouse (Milburn - Etats-Unis) Durée : 3 mois 3 semaines Nombre : Première Preview : Inconnu
Première: 01 February 1995
Dernière: 28 May 1995Mise en scène : David Holdgrive • Chorégraphie : Greg Ganakas • Producteur :
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