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Musique: Nacio Herb Brown • Paroles: Arthur Freed • Livret: Adolph Green • Betty Comden • Production originale: 1 version mentionnée
Dispo: Résumé Génèse
Genèse: Arthur Freed, the head of the "Freed Unit" at MGM responsible for the studio's glossy and glamorous musicals, conceived the idea of a movie based on the back catalog of songs written by himself and Nacio Herb Brown, and called in Betty Comden and Adolph Green from New York to come up with a story to tie the songs together and to write the script. Comden and Green first refused the assignment, as their agent had assured them that their new contract with MGM called for them to write the lyrics to all songs unless the score was by Irving Berlin, Cole Porter, or Rodgers and Hammerstein. After a two-week hold-out, their new agent, Irving "Swifty" Lazar, having looked over the contract, told them that the clause had been entirely an invention of their previous agent, and that there was no such language in the contract. After hearing this, Comden and Green began working on the story and script. Because many of the songs had originally been written during the time when silent films were giving way to "talkies", and musicals were popular with audiences, Comden and Green came up with the idea that the story should be set during that transitional period in Hollywood, an era they were intimately familiar with. When Howard Keel was mentioned as the possible lead, they tried to work up a story involving a star of Western films who makes a comeback as a singing cowboy, but they kept gravitating to a story about a swashbuckling romantic hero with a vaudeville background who survives the transition by falling back on his abilities as a song-and-dance man, a story which Gene Kelly was well-suited for. Kelly could not be approached at the time, as he was deeply immersed in An American in Paris (1951), which he was co-choreographing with Stanley Donen, and in which he was starring. Comden and Green continued to work on the script, and had at that time three possible openings for the film: a silent movie premiere, a magazine interview with a Hollywood star, and a star-meets-girl, star-loses-girl sequence. Unable to decide which to use or how to proceed, they had just decided to return their advance to MGM and admit defeat, when Betty Comden's husband arrived from New York and suggested that they combine all three openings into one. The script with the re-written opening was approved by Freed and by MGM's head of production Dore Schary, who had recently replaced Louis B. Mayer. By this time shooting on An American in Paris had completed, and Freed suggested that Kelly be given the script to read. Kelly and Donen responded enthusiastically, and immediately become involved in re-writes and adjustments to the script. Comden, Green, Kelly, and Donen were all old friends, and the process went smoothly. Besides the Freed-Brown songs, Comden and Green contributed the lyrics to "Moses Supposes", which was set to music by Roger Edens. Shortly before shooting began, "The Wedding of the Painted Dolls", which Comden and Green had "painfully wedged into the script as a cheering-up song" was replaced with a new Comden / Green song, "Make 'Em Laugh". After Comden and Green had returned to New York to work on other projects, they received word that a new song was needed for a love-song sequence between Kelly and Debbie Reynolds. The original had been a song-and-dance medley involving different sets in different soundstages on the studio lot, but they were asked for a romantic love song set in an empty sound stage, and it was needed immediately. Comden and Green provided such a scene for "You Are My Lucky Star" and sent it off to Hollywood.
Résumé: En 1927, Don Lockwood (Gene Kelly), star du cinéma muet, a pour partenaire Lina Lamont (Jean Hagen), actrice à la voix de crécelle. Celle-ci est persuadée que la relation amoureuse qui les unit à l'écran les unit aussi dans la vie. Ils sont engagés tous deux par les studios Monumental Pictures. Don est toujours accompagné de son partenaire du temps de ses débuts au vaudeville : Cosmo Brown (Donald O'Connor). Les jours du cinéma muet sont comptés lorsque sort Le Chanteur de jazz, premier film parlant de l'histoire du cinéma. Les Studios décident de tourner le prochain « Lockwood et Lamont », Le Spadassin royal (The Dueling Cavalier) selon ce nouveau procédé. Mais la voix de Lina Lamont est trop désagréable : elle a en effet une voix nasillarde et un cheveu sur la langue. Cosmo décide donc de la faire doubler par Kathy Selden (Debbie Reynolds), jeune danseuse à la voix chaleureuse, dont Don est déjà amoureux. Le film de cape et d'épée devient une comédie musicale, Le Chevalier chanteur (The Dancing Cavalier), et « un superbe ballet y évoque de manière onirique le parcours personnel de Don. »
Création: 27/3/1952 - *** Film (***) - représ.
Musique: Nacio Herb Brown • Paroles: Arthur Freed • Livret: Adolph Green • Betty Comden • Production originale: 9 versions mentionnées
Dispo: Résumé Synopsis Génèse Isnpiration Liste chansons
Genèse: Original London Production The original West End production, directed by Tommy Steele and choreographed by Peter Gennaro, opened on June 30, 1983 at the London Palladium, where it ran until September 1985. The original cast included Steele as Don, Roy Castle as Cosmo, Danielle Carson as Kathy, and Sarah Payne as Lina and Julia. The original film's vocal score was embellished with additional tunes by Comden, Green, and Roger Edens, Dorothy Fields and Jimmy McHugh, George and Ira Gershwin, Johnny Mercer and Richard Whiting, and Cole Porter. Original Broadway Production The musical opened on Broadway at the George Gershwin Theatre on July 2, 1985 and closed on May 18, 1986 after 367 performances and 38 previews. Directed and choreographed by Twyla Tharp, the scenic design was by Santo Loquasto, costume design by Ann Roth, and lighting design by Jennifer Tipton. The cast included Don Correia as Don, Mary D'Arcy as Kathy, Peter Slutsker as Cosmo, and Faye Grant as Lina. The musical was dramatically revamped. 1994 UK Tour The 1983 London Palladium production was remounted in 1994 for an extensive tour of the United Kingdom. The new production, again directed by Steele, starred Paul Nicholas as Don, Shona Lindsay as Kathy, Tony Howes as Cosmo with Sarah Payne reprising her role as Lina from the original cast. Supporting cast included Matt Zimmerman and Mark Donovan. 2000 London Revival A new production of the musical was staged at the Olivier Theatre (Royal National Theatre), from June 2, 2000 to July 20, 2000 and again from December 18, 2000 to January 27, 2001. This production was a transfer from the West Yorkshire production, which ran from December 1999 to February 2000. The cast featured Zoe Hart as Kathy, Rebecca Thornhill as Lina, and Paul Robinson as Don. The direction was by Jude Kelly, and choreography was by Stephen Mear. Thornhill received an Olivier Award nomination for her performance. 2004 Sadler's Wells Revival The musical played at Sadler's Wells Theatre from July 29, 2004 to September 4, 2004, with direction by Paul Kerryson and choreography by Stephen Mear. 2012 London Revival The show was revived at the 2011 Chichester Festival Theatre, starring Adam Cooper, Daniel Crossley and Scarlett Strallen. It was choreographed by Andrew Wright who was nominated for an Olivier Award and won the WhatsOnStage award for his work. The show received positive reviews, and then transferred to London's West End, at the Palace Theatre, where Cooper, Crossley and Strallen all reprised their roles. From 18th February 2013 the role of Kathy Selden will be played by Louise Bowden. The production closes on June the 8th, 2013. 2013 UK Tour A UK tour shall follow the show closing on the West End starting on November 9 at the Manchester Opera House.
Résumé: Don Lockwood is a silent movies star with everything he could want - fame, adulation and even a well-publicised ‘romance’ with his co-star Lina Lamont. But Hollywood is about to change forever. There is rumour in the studio of a new kind of film, where the actors actually talk… and sing... and dance.
Création: 30/6/1983 - Palladium Theatre (Londres) - représ.